- Islaam simply means ‘religion of peace’ and has its root from the word ‘peace’ in terms of grammatical meaning
- Faith is called ‘Eemaan’ which is the Arabic word for belief in the Allaah and what He Allaah commanded mankind to believe in, either people see those things physically or not
A Muslim is considered to be a complete believing Muslim when he knows and upholds the five Pillars of Islaam and six Articles of Faith.
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Muslim scholars agree that there are five Pillars of Islaam and six Articles of Faith. The evidence for this consensus is in the Hadeeth of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in the Book of Hadeeth called ‘An-Nawaweeh.’
In the second Hadeeth in the An-Nawaweeh, Umar (second of the four guided caliphs of Prophet Muhammad) as related in Saheeh Muslim informed of what happened when Angel Jibril came in form of a man to ask Prophet Muhammad about the five Pillars of Islaam and six Articles of Faith, as well as on other issues pertaining to the religion of Islaam.
It is incumbent on Muslims to know the five Pillars of Islaam and six Articles of Faith as they are listed below.
The five Pillars of Islaam are as follow:
- Testifying in the monetheism of Allaah and testifying that Muhammad is the servant and Messenger of Allaah
2. Observing the five daily obligatoy prayers
3. Giving out Zakat (alms) once in a year
4. Fasting in the holy month of Ramadan
5. Performing Hajj (pilgrimage) to Makkah and Madeenah at least once in a lifetime
On the six Articles of Faith that every Muslim should know about, they are as follow:
- Belief in Allaah
- Belief in the Angels
- Belief in the Books of Allaah
- Belief in the Messengers of Allaah
- Belief in predestination (either the good or bad in it)
- Belief in the Last Day (that is Day of Judgement)